Spontaneous pneumothorax, with or without pulmonary cysts, in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia

Javier Leonardo Galindo, Luisa Fernanda Jiménez, Juan Ricardo Lutz, María Alejandra Izquierdo, Viviana Lucía Rivillas, Jorge Alberto Carrillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) affects mainly the lungs causing pneumonia and complications like acute respiratory distress syndrome. Pneumothorax is a rare manifestation of the disease. This report is a description of a series of patients with COVID-19 and spontaneous pneumothorax, some of them with associated pulmonary cysts. Methodology: Cases were collected retrospectively. We included clinical data from medical records and described radiologic findings. Patients that developed pneumothorax during mechanical ventilation were excluded. Results: Ten cases were included in this report, nine of them were male. The median age of our series was 62 years (IQR = 57-68). The median days since the onset of symptoms until the development of pneumothorax was 27 (IQR = 17-31), most cases developed after the second week of the diagnosis of pneumonia. Two cases required invasive mechanical ventilation, but pneumothorax occurred after ventilator weaning. Three cases showed subpleural pulmonary cysts. Conclusions: Cysts and pneumothorax are rare manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with mechanisms not completely understood. This report highlights the role of CT scan in diagnosis of COVID-19 complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1404-1407
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infection in Developing Countries
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this