Socioeconomic status. The relationship with health and autoimmune diseases

Omar Javier Calixto, Juan Manuel Anaya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


Socioeconomic status (SES) is a hierarchical social classification associated with different outcomes in health and disease. The most important factors influencing SES are income, educational level, occupational class, social class, and ancestry. These factors are closely related to each other as they present certain dependent interactions. Since there is a need to improve the understanding of the concept of SES and the ways it affects health and disease, we review herein the tools currently available to evaluate SES and its relationship with health and autoimmune diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-654
Number of pages14
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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