Simulation-optimization approach for the stochastic location-routing problem

N. Herazo-Padilla, J. R. Montoya-Torres, S. Nieto Isaza, J. Alvarado-Valencia

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch Articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The location routing problem with stochastic transportation cost and vehicle travel speeds is considered in this paper. A hybrid solution procedure based on Ant Colony Optimisation (ACO) and Discrete-Event Simulation (DES) is proposed. After using a sequential heuristic algorithm to solve the location subproblem, the subsequent capacitated vehicle routing problem is solved using ACO. Finally, a DES model evaluates those vehicle routes in terms of their impact on the expected total costs. The approach is tested using well-known randomly generated datasets. Since no previous works in the literature studied exactly the same SLRP, the proposed procedure is compared against its deterministic version. Numerical results show the efficiency and efficacy of the hybrid ACO-DES approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-311
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Simulation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation


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