Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy inBogotá, Colombia, 2010: a case-control study

Catalina Latorre Santos, Lina Sofia Moron Duarte, Jose Rafael Tovar Cuevas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To identify risk factors for adolescent pregnancy among female students in Bogotá, Colombia.

METHODS:
This was a retrospective study of cases and controls matched by age, identified by means of a survey on the sexual behavior of adolescent students in Bogotá (Encuesta sobre el Comportamiento Sexual de los Adolescentes Escolarizados en Bogotá) conducted in the first semester of 2010. All 272 cases and 544 randomly-selected controls were taken from 39 044 total records. Variables considered were sociodemographics, household structure, and family environment; sexual relationships and pregnancy; and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health. Matching and conditional logistic regression were used to adjust for possible confounding factors.

RESULTS:
The factors associated with increased risk of adolescent pregnancy based on multivariate analyses were: attending public school (odds ratio [OR]=2.25; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.45-3.51); history of siblings with adolescent pregnancy (OR =1.98; 95% CI: 1.55-2.76); early first sexual intercourse (12 years of age or less) (OR =2.34; 95% CI: 1.01-5.40); having a self-reported low- or average-level of contraceptive knowledge (OR =3.92; 95% CI: 1.96-7.83); previous pregnancy (OR =14.09; 95% CI: 8.74- 22.70); and not living with both parents (OR 3.58; 95% CI: 2.10-6.16).

CONCLUSIONS:
Factors related to individual, family, and social environments that influence the incidence of adolescent pregnancy must be considered and addressed when designing interventions. The existing sex education curriculum is an important component in preventing adolescent pregnancy, however, parent/caregiver participation is required for success.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179 - 184
Number of pages5
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume36
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2014

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Pregnancy in Adolescence
Colombia
Case-Control Studies
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Coitus
Reproductive Health
Students
Pregnancy
Sex Education
Social Environment
Contraceptive Agents
Sexual Behavior
Curriculum
Caregivers
Siblings
Multivariate Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Parents
Logistic Models

Cite this

@article{a983c7e5b66647559edd2471ed7af8af,
title = "Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy inBogot{\'a}, Colombia, 2010: a case-control study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE:To identify risk factors for adolescent pregnancy among female students in Bogot{\'a}, Colombia.METHODS:This was a retrospective study of cases and controls matched by age, identified by means of a survey on the sexual behavior of adolescent students in Bogot{\'a} (Encuesta sobre el Comportamiento Sexual de los Adolescentes Escolarizados en Bogot{\'a}) conducted in the first semester of 2010. All 272 cases and 544 randomly-selected controls were taken from 39 044 total records. Variables considered were sociodemographics, household structure, and family environment; sexual relationships and pregnancy; and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health. Matching and conditional logistic regression were used to adjust for possible confounding factors.RESULTS:The factors associated with increased risk of adolescent pregnancy based on multivariate analyses were: attending public school (odds ratio [OR]=2.25; 95{\%} confidence interval [95{\%} CI]: 1.45-3.51); history of siblings with adolescent pregnancy (OR =1.98; 95{\%} CI: 1.55-2.76); early first sexual intercourse (12 years of age or less) (OR =2.34; 95{\%} CI: 1.01-5.40); having a self-reported low- or average-level of contraceptive knowledge (OR =3.92; 95{\%} CI: 1.96-7.83); previous pregnancy (OR =14.09; 95{\%} CI: 8.74- 22.70); and not living with both parents (OR 3.58; 95{\%} CI: 2.10-6.16).CONCLUSIONS:Factors related to individual, family, and social environments that influence the incidence of adolescent pregnancy must be considered and addressed when designing interventions. The existing sex education curriculum is an important component in preventing adolescent pregnancy, however, parent/caregiver participation is required for success.",
author = "{Latorre Santos}, Catalina and {Moron Duarte}, {Lina Sofia} and {Tovar Cuevas}, {Jose Rafael}",
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number = "3",

}

Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy inBogotá, Colombia, 2010: a case-control study. / Latorre Santos, Catalina; Moron Duarte, Lina Sofia; Tovar Cuevas, Jose Rafael.

In: Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 36, No. 3, 09.2014, p. 179 - 184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy inBogotá, Colombia, 2010: a case-control study

AU - Latorre Santos, Catalina

AU - Moron Duarte, Lina Sofia

AU - Tovar Cuevas, Jose Rafael

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - OBJECTIVE:To identify risk factors for adolescent pregnancy among female students in Bogotá, Colombia.METHODS:This was a retrospective study of cases and controls matched by age, identified by means of a survey on the sexual behavior of adolescent students in Bogotá (Encuesta sobre el Comportamiento Sexual de los Adolescentes Escolarizados en Bogotá) conducted in the first semester of 2010. All 272 cases and 544 randomly-selected controls were taken from 39 044 total records. Variables considered were sociodemographics, household structure, and family environment; sexual relationships and pregnancy; and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health. Matching and conditional logistic regression were used to adjust for possible confounding factors.RESULTS:The factors associated with increased risk of adolescent pregnancy based on multivariate analyses were: attending public school (odds ratio [OR]=2.25; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.45-3.51); history of siblings with adolescent pregnancy (OR =1.98; 95% CI: 1.55-2.76); early first sexual intercourse (12 years of age or less) (OR =2.34; 95% CI: 1.01-5.40); having a self-reported low- or average-level of contraceptive knowledge (OR =3.92; 95% CI: 1.96-7.83); previous pregnancy (OR =14.09; 95% CI: 8.74- 22.70); and not living with both parents (OR 3.58; 95% CI: 2.10-6.16).CONCLUSIONS:Factors related to individual, family, and social environments that influence the incidence of adolescent pregnancy must be considered and addressed when designing interventions. The existing sex education curriculum is an important component in preventing adolescent pregnancy, however, parent/caregiver participation is required for success.

AB - OBJECTIVE:To identify risk factors for adolescent pregnancy among female students in Bogotá, Colombia.METHODS:This was a retrospective study of cases and controls matched by age, identified by means of a survey on the sexual behavior of adolescent students in Bogotá (Encuesta sobre el Comportamiento Sexual de los Adolescentes Escolarizados en Bogotá) conducted in the first semester of 2010. All 272 cases and 544 randomly-selected controls were taken from 39 044 total records. Variables considered were sociodemographics, household structure, and family environment; sexual relationships and pregnancy; and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health. Matching and conditional logistic regression were used to adjust for possible confounding factors.RESULTS:The factors associated with increased risk of adolescent pregnancy based on multivariate analyses were: attending public school (odds ratio [OR]=2.25; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.45-3.51); history of siblings with adolescent pregnancy (OR =1.98; 95% CI: 1.55-2.76); early first sexual intercourse (12 years of age or less) (OR =2.34; 95% CI: 1.01-5.40); having a self-reported low- or average-level of contraceptive knowledge (OR =3.92; 95% CI: 1.96-7.83); previous pregnancy (OR =14.09; 95% CI: 8.74- 22.70); and not living with both parents (OR 3.58; 95% CI: 2.10-6.16).CONCLUSIONS:Factors related to individual, family, and social environments that influence the incidence of adolescent pregnancy must be considered and addressed when designing interventions. The existing sex education curriculum is an important component in preventing adolescent pregnancy, however, parent/caregiver participation is required for success.

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 179

EP - 184

JO - Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health

JF - Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health

SN - 1020-4989

IS - 3

ER -