Referral Process in Patients with Uveitis: A Challenge in the Health System

Alejandra Villalobos-Pérez, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Juliana Muñoz-Ortiz, María Andrea Estévez-Florez, Mario Ramos-Santodomingo, Valentina Balaguera-Orjuela, Alejandra De-La-torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe the evaluation and referral process from a group of patients with uveitis presented at a specialized uveitis center in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. After applying the selection criteria, 315 clinical records were recovered. Univariate and bivariate analyses were used, reporting proportions, means and standard deviations. Results: The mean age of the sample was 45.23 years old and 63.8% of them were females. Patients were mostly referred by retina specialists, general ophthalmologists, rheumatologists, and cornea specialists. Meantime between the first ocular symptom and uveitis specialist evaluation was 2.08 years. Patients had been previously evaluated by a mean of 1.9 ophthalmol-ogists. In 79.9% of patients, inflammation was recognized by the remittent; however, only 4.7% of patients were correctly graded according to SUN classification. At first time consultation with the uvea specialist, 52.1% of the patients arrived with an adequate infectious panel, 58.1% with an adequate rheumatologic panel, 11.6% with aqueous humor PCR study, 65.1% with an initial etiological diagnosis, 34.9% with inadequate topical treatment, and 59.6% with inadequate systemic treatment. The mean time to reach a diagnosis by the uvea specialist was 5.27 weeks (0.10 years). A diagnostic coincidence was not reached in 58.7% of the cases. Conclusion: The referral process to uveitis specialists is complex but highly relevant for those who suffer from this pathology. Health professionals must be aware of the standardized classification of the disease, the appropriate treatment according to the classification, and early referral to the uveologist with adequate laboratory tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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