Psychological effects were determined in 284 children and adolescents exposed to armed conflict in a rural area of Colombia, selected through random sampling proportional allocation. The instruments applied were: The Child Behavior Checklist, the Youth Behavior Self-report, the Trauma Symptoms Checklist for Children, the Coping Scale for Adolescents and the Resilience Scale for School Children. Findings showed that 72% of the population suffers from psychological problems, 64.4 from internalizing behavior and 47% from externalizing behavior within clinical range. It was also found that 32% had somatic problems, 56% were at risk for PTSD and 93% had moderate alcohol consumption. The most frequently used coping strategy was to leave things get fixed by themselves. There was a high need for health care. Being male constituted a risk factor for depression, aggression and social problems in children. In turn, being up to12 years old and a student of a lower grade were risk factors for somatic symptoms in adolescents. Results clearly revealed the impact on mental health of the population under study.
Hewitt Ramírez, N., Gantiva Díaz, C. A., Vera Maldonado, A., Cuervo Rodríguez, M. P., Nelly Liliam, H. O., Juárez, F., & Parada Baños, A. J. (2014). Psychological effects on children and adolescents exposed to armed conflict in a rural area of Colombia. Acta Colombiana de Psicologia, 17 (1), 79-89. https://doi.org/10.14718/ACP.2014.17.1.9, https://doi.org/10.14718/ACP.2014.17.1.9