We study the photoinduced breakdown of a two-orbital Mott insulator and resulting metallic state. Using time-dependent density matrix renormalization group, we scrutinize the real-time dynamics of the half-filled two-orbital Hubbard model interacting with a resonant radiation field pulse. The breakdown, caused by production of doublon-holon pairs, is enhanced by Hund's exchange, which dynamically activates large orbital fluctuations. The melting of the Mott insulator is accompanied by a high to low spin transition with a concomitant reduction of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations. Most notably, the overall time response is driven by the photogeneration of excitons with orbital character that are stabilized by Hund's coupling. These unconventional "Hund excitons" correspond to bound spin-singlet orbital-triplet doublon-holon pairs. We study exciton properties such as bandwidth, binding potential, and size within a semiclassical approach. The photometallic state results from a coexistence of Hund excitons and doublon-holon plasma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics