Patterns of Chromosomal Instability and Clonal Heterogeneity in Luminal B Breast Cancer: A Pilot Study

Valentina Camargo-Herrera, Giovanny Castellanos, Nelson Rangel, Guillermo Antonio Jiménez-Tobón, María Martínez-Agüero, Milena Rondón-Lagos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chromosomal instability (CIN), defined by variations in the number or structure of chromosomes from cell to cell, is recognized as a distinctive characteristic of cancer associated with the ability of tumors to adapt to challenging environments. CIN has been recognized as a source of genetic variation that leads to clonal heterogeneity (CH). Recent findings suggest a potential association between CIN and CH with the prognosis of BC patients, particularly in tumors expressing the epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2+). In fact, information on the role of CIN in other BC subtypes, including luminal B BC, is limited. Additionally, it remains unknown whether CIN in luminal B BC tumors, above a specific threshold, could have a detrimental effect on the growth of human tumors or whether low or intermediate CIN levels could be linked to a more favorable BC patient prognosis when contrasted with elevated levels. Clarifying these relationships could have a substantial impact on risk stratification and the development of future therapeutic strategies aimed at targeting CIN in BC. This study aimed to assess CIN and CH in tumor tissue samples from ten patients with luminal B BC and compare them with established clinicopathological parameters. The results of this study reveal that luminal B BC patients exhibit intermediate CIN and stable aneuploidy, both of which correlate with lymphovascular invasion. Our results also provide valuable preliminary data that could contribute to the understanding of the implications of CIN and CH in risk stratification and the development of future therapeutic strategies in BC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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