Pain management in Guillain-Barre syndrome: A systematic review

L. Peña, Carlos Moreno Benavides, Ángela María Gutiérrez-Álvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction
Pain is a common symptom in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Intensity is moderate to severe in most cases and pain may persist after resolution of the disease.

Objective
Identify the most appropriate analgesic therapy for pain management in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Material and methods
Systematic review and selection of scientific articles on treatment of pain in Guillain-Barre syndrome patients, published between January 1985 and December 2012. We included only randomised, double-blind, controlled trials assessing the effectiveness of drugs for pain management in these patients.

Results
Four articles met the inclusion criteria. One evaluated the use of gabapentin, another evaluated carbamazepine, a third compared gabapentin to carbamazepine, and the last evaluated use of methylprednisolone. Both carbamazepine and gabapentin were useful for pain management. Patients experienced lower-intensity pain with gabapentin treatment in the study comparing that drug to carbamazepine. Methylprednisolone was not shown to be effective for reducing pain. The published data did not permit completion of a meta-analysis.

Conclusions
There is no robust evidence at present that would point to a single treatment option for this disorder. Further clinical studies of larger patient samples and with a longer duration are needed to characterise types of pain for each patient and measure pain intensity in an objective way.
Translated title of the contributionManejo del dolor en el síndrome de Guillain-Barré. Revisión sistemática
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalNeurologia
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience

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