Ocular Manifestations Related to Antibodies Positivity and Inflammatory Biomarkers in a Rheumatological Cohort

Carlos Cifuentes-González, Pilar Uribe-Reina, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Juliana Muñoz-Ortiz, Paula Tatiana Muñoz-Vargas, William Rojas-Carabali, Dora Victoria Nova-Florián, Ana Sofía De-Los-ríos, Rubén Dario Mantilla-Hernández, Alejandra De-La-torre

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch Articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Ocular involvement is frequent in autoimmune diseases and even can be the first manifestation. There are multiple descriptions in the literature around the world regarding this topic. However, we evidenced a lack of studies analyzing the relationship between the ocular manifestations and systemic biomarkers, especially in Latinamerica. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between the positivity of inflammatory biomarkers and the ocular manifestations in a Colombian cohort of rheumatological patients. Patients and Methods: We conducted an observational, descriptive, non-comparative cross-sectional study in a rheumatology center, in Bogotá, Colombia, from 2013 to 2019. We calculated a sample size of 797 patients to assess the prevalence of ocular manifestations and inflammatory biomarkers. We performed univariate analyses for categorical and continuous variables and bivariate analyses using the Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables. Results: Women represented 84% of the population, and the mean age was 54.61± 15.64 years. Of 797 patients, 21.45% reported one or more ophthalmological diagnoses, being keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) the most common (15.93%), followed by uveitis, and cataract (1.38%, each one). Regarding ophthalmological symptoms, 35% presented at least one, being dry eye sensation (DE) the most common (30.86%), followed by ocular pain (2.76%), red eye, and decreased visual acuity (2.63%, each one). The antibodies or inflammatory biomarkers most frequently found were antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) (35.3%), C-reactive protein (28.7%), and rheumatoid factor (27.9%). We found statistical associations between consumption of complement 3, anti-CCP, anti-RO, and anti-LA antibodies with ocular manifestations such as photophobia, DE, conjunctivitis, KCS, uveitis, retinal vasculitis, and maculopathy. Conclusion: Ocular manifestations are frequently found in patients with positive antibodies and inflammatory biomarkers. Our results suggest antibodies and inflammatory molecules could be biomarkers for ocular manifestations in patients with rheumatological diseases. This study provides the basis for future longitudinal studies.

Translated title of the contributionManifestaciones oculares relacionadas con la positividad de anticuerpos y biomarcadores inflamatorios en una cohorte reumatológica
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2477-2490
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
StatePublished - Aug 9 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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