Ocular manifestations in colombian patients with systemic rheumatologic diseases

Pilar Uribe-Reina, Juliana Muñoz-Ortiz, Carlos Cifuentes-González, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Juan Pablo Terreros-Dorado, William Zambrano-Romero, Carolina López-Rojas, Fabien Mantilla-Sylvain, Rubén Darío Mantilla-Hernández, Alejandra De-La-torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of ocular involvement in a Colombian population with rheumatologic diseases. Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Methods: We included a probabilistic sample size of 797 patients who attended a rheumatologic disease center in Bogotá, Colombia. Statistical analysis with descriptive measures and Chi-square independence test between rheumatologic diseases and ophthalmo-logical symptoms and diseases was performed. Results: Eighty-four percent of the population were women, and the mean age was 54.61± 15.64 years. The most common condition was rheumatoid arthritis (33.37%), followed by fibromyalgia (22.71%), Sjögren Syndrome (19.72%), and systemic lupus erythematosus (9.91%). Almost 7% of the patients presented polyautoimmunity. Thirty-five percent of the patients reported one or more ophthalmological symptoms, being dry eye sensation the most common (30.86%), followed by ocular pain (2.76%), red-eye, and decreased visual acuity (both 2.63%). Similarly, 21.45% of the patients presented one or more ophthalmological diagnoses, being keratoconjunctivitis sicca the most common (15.93%), followed by cataract, uveitis (1.38% each), and scleritis (1.25%). Conclusion: Almost a third of the patients reported any ocular involvement. It is crucial to be aware of the most common ophthalmic manifestations among the different rheumatologic diseases in our population, to offer early specialist referral and timely treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2787-2802
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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