Minimal Erythema Dose: Correlation with Fitzpatrick Skin Type and Concordance Between Methods of Erythema Assessment in a Patient Sample in Colombia

M. C. Valbuena, J. A. Nova Villanueva, G. Sánchez Vanegas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objective: The minimal erythema dose (MED), an essential measurement in studies of skin photosensitivity, requires establishing MED values for specific populations, given genetic variation. Different ways to assess erythema are also relevant. We aimed to determine MED values in a sample of Colombian patients and correlations between MED and Fitzpatrick skin type. We also studied concordance correlation between MEDs and two alternative ways to assess erythema. Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study of 113 individuals in Bogotá, Colombia. We used a solar simulator to measure UV-A radiation and combined UV-A and UV-B (UVA + UVB) radiation, for MED calculation. Narrowband UV-B (NBUVB) radiation was measured in a phototherapy cabin. Erythema was assessed visually and with a Mexameter MX 18 device. Results: The median MEDs of UVA + UVB radiation were 22 mJ/cm2 for Fitzpatrick skin types I and II, and 33 and 43 mJ/cm2, respectively, for skin types III and IV. The MEDs of UV-A radiation were 22, 42, 86, and 100 J/cm2 for skin types I, II, III, and IV, respectively. The MEDs of NBUVB radiation were 390, 550, 770, and 885 mJ/cm2 for the 4 skin types. The correlation between MEDs and skin types ranged from 0.5 to 0.69. Lin's concordance correlation coefficients between visual and Mexameter assessments of erythema were greater than 0.8 in all cases. Conclusion: This study allowed us to understand MED values for UV-A, UVA + UVB, and NBUVB according to different skin types in the Colombian population. Concordance correlation coefficients between the different methods of erythema assessment were very good. Correlations between MEDs and skin types were moderate to good.

Translated title of the contributionDosis eritematosa mínima: correlación con el fototipo y método de medición en una muestra de población colombiana
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-397
Number of pages8
JournalActas Dermo-Sifiliograficas
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Dermatology

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