Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014

Carlos Humberto Torres Rey, Milciades Ibañez Pinilla, Leonardo Briceño Ayala, Diana Milena Checa Guerrero, Gloria Morgan Torres, Helena Groot De Restrepo, Marcela Varona Uribe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioMed Research International
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
Number of pages8
Volume2015
ISBN (Print)2314-6133
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Publication series

NameBioMed Research International
Volume2015

Fingerprint

Coal Mining
Pneumoconiosis
Colombia
Coal
Dust
Workers' Compensation
Social Security
Carbon
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

Cite this

Torres Rey, C. H., Ibañez Pinilla, M., Briceño Ayala, L., Checa Guerrero, D. M., Morgan Torres, G., Groot De Restrepo, H., & Varona Uribe, M. (2015). Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. In BioMed Research International (Vol. 2015). [647878] (BioMed Research International; Vol. 2015). Hindawi Publishing Corporation. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878
Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto ; Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades ; Briceño Ayala, Leonardo ; Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena ; Morgan Torres, Gloria ; Groot De Restrepo, Helena ; Varona Uribe, Marcela. / Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015. (BioMed Research International).
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abstract = "In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9{\%} prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3{\%} in region 1 and 29.9{\%} in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95{\%} CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95{\%} CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95{\%} CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95{\%} CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.",
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Torres Rey, CH, Ibañez Pinilla, M, Briceño Ayala, L, Checa Guerrero, DM, Morgan Torres, G, Groot De Restrepo, H & Varona Uribe, M 2015, Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. in BioMed Research International. vol. 2015, 647878, BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Hindawi Publishing Corporation. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878

Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. / Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto; Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades; Briceño Ayala, Leonardo; Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena; Morgan Torres, Gloria; Groot De Restrepo, Helena; Varona Uribe, Marcela.

BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015. 647878 (BioMed Research International; Vol. 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014

AU - Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto

AU - Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades

AU - Briceño Ayala, Leonardo

AU - Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena

AU - Morgan Torres, Gloria

AU - Groot De Restrepo, Helena

AU - Varona Uribe, Marcela

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.

AB - In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.

U2 - 10.1155/2015/647878

DO - 10.1155/2015/647878

M3 - Chapter

C2 - 26366418

SN - 2314-6133

VL - 2015

T3 - BioMed Research International

BT - BioMed Research International

PB - Hindawi Publishing Corporation

ER -

Torres Rey CH, Ibañez Pinilla M, Briceño Ayala L, Checa Guerrero DM, Morgan Torres G, Groot De Restrepo H et al. Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. In BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. 2015. 647878. (BioMed Research International). https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878