Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Wharton's Jelly Modulate the Intraocular Immune Response in a Glucocorticoid Hypertension Model: An Exploratory Analysis

Karine Dos Santos Evangelho, Carlos Cifuentes-González, William Rojas-Carabali, Clemencia De Vivero-Arciniegas, Mariana Cañas-Arboleda, Gustavo Salguero, Carolina Ramírez-Santana, Alejandra de-la-Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of retinal ganglion cells. Recent research suggests immunological changes such as cytokine imbalance may affect its pathophysiology. This implies that immunomodulation, like that of mesenchymal cells, could be a potential therapeutic avenue for this disease. However, the effects of intravitreal injections of human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hWJ-MSCs) on intraocular immune response have not been assessed in ocular hypertension (OH) models. METHODS: We explored this by measuring cytokine levels and expression of other markers, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and T cells, in 15 randomly divided New Zealand rabbits: G1: OH, G2: hWJ-MSCs, and G3: OH+hWJ-MSCs. We analyzed the aqueous humor (IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) and vitreous humor (IFN-γ, IL-10, and TGF-β) using ELISA and flow cytometry (cell populations), as well as TCD3+, TCD3+/TCD4+, and TCD3+/TCD8+ lymphocytes, and GFAP in the retina and optic nerve through immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: We found a decrease in TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-10, and IL-8 in G3 compared to G1 and an increase in TGF-β in both G2 and G3. TCD3+ retinal infiltration in all groups was primarily TCD8+ rather than TCD4+ cells, and strong GFAP expression was observed in both the retina and optic nerves in all groups. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that cellular and humoral immune responses may play a role in glaucomatous optic neuropathy and that intravitreal hWJ-MSCs can induce an immunosuppressive environment by inhibiting proinflammatory cytokines and enhancing regulatory cytokines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-247
Number of pages16
JournalOphthalmic Research
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Wharton's Jelly Modulate the Intraocular Immune Response in a Glucocorticoid Hypertension Model: An Exploratory Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this