Machine learning in the loop for tuberculosis diagnosis support

Alvaro D. Orjuela-Cañón, Andrés L. Jutinico, Carlos Awad, Erika Vergara, Angélica Palencia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of machine learning (ML) for diagnosis support has advanced in the field of health. In the present paper, the results of studying ML techniques in a tuberculosis diagnosis loop in a scenario of limited resources are presented. Data are analyzed using a tuberculosis (TB) therapy program at a health institution in a main city of a developing country using five ML models. Logistic regression, classification trees, random forest, support vector machines, and artificial neural networks are trained under physician supervision following physicians' typical daily work. The models are trained on seven main variables collected when patients arrive at the facility. Additionally, the variables applied to train the models are analyzed, and the models' advantages and limitations are discussed in the context of the automated ML techniques. The results show that artificial neural networks obtain the best results in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, and area under the receiver operating curve. These results represent an improvement over smear microscopy, which is commonly used techniques to detect TB for special cases. Findings demonstrate that ML in the TB diagnosis loop can be reinforced with available data to serve as an alternative diagnosis tool based on data processing in places where the health infrastructure is limited.

Translated title of the contributionAprendizaje automático en el circuito para apoyar el diagnóstico de tuberculosis
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number876949
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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