Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the standard of care for acute calculous cholecystitis; however, in patients at high risk for surgery, particularly in the elderly, insertion of a percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) at gallbladder is recommended. Current evidence suggests that PCD may have less favorable outcomes than LC, but also that LC-associated complications increase in direct relation to patient age. There is no recommendation supported by robust evidence to decide between one or the other procedure in super elderly patients. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study was designed to analyze the surgical outcomes of super elderly patients with cholecystitis who underwent LC versus PCD for treatment. The surgical outcomes of a subgroup of high-risk patients were also analyzed. Results: A total of 96 patients who met the inclusion criteria between 2014 and 2021 were included. The median age of patients were 92 years (IQR: 4.00) with a female predominance (58.33%). The overall morbidity rate in the series was 36.45% and mortality rate was 7.29%. There was no statistically significant difference when compared to the associated morbidity and mortality among patients who underwent LC versus those who underwent PCD, neither in the analysis of the complete series or in the subgroup of high-risk patients. Conclusions: The morbidity and mortality associated with the two most frequently recommended therapeutic options for operating super elderly patients with acute cholecystitis are high. We found no evidence of superiority in outcomes for either of the two procedures in this age group.
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