Intrinsic subtypes and androgen receptor gene expression in primary breast cancer. A meta-analysis

Paola Cruz-Tapias, Wilson Rubiano, Milena Rondón-Lagos, Victoria E. Villegas, Nelson Rangel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The androgen receptor (AR) is frequently expressed in breast cancer (BC), but its association with clinical and biological parameters of BC patients remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association of AR gene expression according to intrinsic BC subtypes by meta-analysis of large-scale microarray transcriptomic datasets. Sixty-two datasets including 10315 BC patients were used in the meta-analyses. Interestingly, AR mRNA level is significantly increased in patients categorized with less aggressive intrinsic molecular subtypes including, Luminal A compared to Basal-like (standardized mean difference, SMD: 2.12; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.88 to 2.35; p < 0.001) or when comparing Luminal B to Basal-like (SMD: 1.53; CI: 1.33 to 1.72; p < 0.001). The same trend was observed when analyses were performed using immunohistochemistry-based surrogate subtypes. Consistently, the AR mRNA expression was higher in patients with low histological grade (p < 0.001). Furthermore, our data revealed higher levels of AR mRNA in BC patients expressing either estrogen or progesterone receptors (p < 0.001). Together, our findings indicate that high mRNA levels of AR are associated with BC subgroups with the less aggressive clinical features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number834
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 27 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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