Intermediate uveitis etiology, complications, treatment, and outcomes in a Colombian uveitis referral center

William Rojas-Carabali, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Valeria Villabona-Martinez, Maria Alejandra Fonseca-Mora, Alejandra De-La-torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the etiology, clinical characteristics, complications, treatments, and outcomes of patients with intermediate uveitis examined in a uveitis referral center in Bogotá, Colombia. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study. We reviewed systematically the clinical records of patients attending a uveitis referral center in Bogotá, Colombia from 2013 to 2020. Data analysis included demographics, etiology, clinical characteristics, treatment modalities, best-corrected visual acuity, and complications. For categorical variables, absolute and relative frequencies were used while for continuous variables mean and standard deviations were calculated. Results: We identified 18 patients with intermediate uveitis. The mean age at disease onset was 19.4 years. There was no sex predominance. Two-thirds of the patients presented bilateral involvement. The mean initial best-corrected visual acuity was 0.19 LogMAR. The most common etiology was idiopathic followed by undetermined, tuberculosis, multiple sclerosis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The most common characteristics were insidious onset, chronic course, and persistent duration. The complications found were macular edema, optic disk edema, cataract, epiretinal membrane, among others. Corticosteroids and immu-nosuppressive therapy were the most common treatments. Mean follow-up time was 24.4 months, and the mean final best-corrected visual acuity was 0.12 LogMAR. Conclusion: This is the first study describing intermediate uveitis features in South America. In our context, intermediate uveitis is infrequent. Polyautoimmunity and familial autoimmunity phenomena were found in some patients. These may require a multidisciplinary approach. Ophthalmologists should promptly diagnose, treat, and refer patients with this disease to avoid common complications. Further studies are required to determine the disease relation with polyautoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2597-2605
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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