Integration in gasoline and ethanol markets in Brazil over time and space under the flex-fuel technology

Hector M. Nuñez, Jesus Otero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We employ a pair-wise approach to analyse regional integration in the gasoline and ethanol markets in Brazil. Using weekly price data for these two fuels at the state level over a period of almost ten years, we find that more than half of the fuel price differentials are stationary, which reveals the importance of allowing for spatial considerations when testing for market integration. We also find that the speed at which prices converge to the long-run equilibrium depends upon the distance between states, the differential in sugarcane mills density between states, and the similarity between tax regimes. Other demand and supply factors such as population density, gas stations density, sugarcane mills density and GDP per capita are not statistically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalEnergy Journal
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Gasoline
Ethanol
Taxation
Testing
Gases
Brazil
Population density
Tax
Long-run equilibrium
Factors
Fuel price
Regional integration
GDP per capita
Demand and supply
Market integration
Gas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

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Integration in gasoline and ethanol markets in Brazil over time and space under the flex-fuel technology. / Nuñez, Hector M.; Otero, Jesus.

In: Energy Journal, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2017, p. 1-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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