In vitro antifungal susceptibility of clinical isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans and C. neoformans var. gattii

Catalina De Bedout, Nelly Ordóñez, Beatriz Lucia Gómez, María Claudia Rodríguez, Myrtha Arango, Angela Restrepo, Elizabeth Castañeda

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    19 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    One of the differences observed between the two varieties of Cryptococcus neoformans is the greater difficulty to achieve an adequate therapeutical response in patients affected by C. neoformans var. gattii, an observation that has been validated in vitro only rarely. The aim of this work was to study the susceptibility patterns of 35 Colombian clinical isolates of C. neoformans, 20 of which belonged to the var. neoformans and 15 to the var. gattii. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by broth microdilution, according to a modification of the methodology proposed by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS), using the breakpoints recently suggested by Nguyen et al. (Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1998; 42:471-472). The antifungals tested were amphotericin B, fluconazole and itraconazole. Most of the isolates were susceptible to the three antimycotics tested regardless of the variety. Resistance to amphotericin B (MIC=2 μg/ml) was documented in two (10%) C. neoformans var. neoformans isolates; additionally, five (33%) C. neoformans var. gattii isolates felt in the category of fluconazole susceptible but dose dependent (MIC 16 μg/ml). In general, all C. neoformans var. gattii isolates proved susceptible only to the higher concentrations of the antifungals tested. For amphotericin B, seven (47%) isolates of this variety had MICs of 1 μg/ml, for fluconazole there were seven (47%) with MICs of 8 μg/ml and in the case of itraconazole, 10 isolates (66%) had MICs> 0.03 μg/ml. The data showed that although these isolates would be classified as susceptible, they actually require greater concentrations of the antifungals to be inhibited. This finding may well correlate both with the difficulty to attain therapeutic success in patients affected with C. neoformans var. gattii and with the need for more prolonged treatment courses in such cases.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)36-39
    Number of pages4
    JournalRevista Iberoamericana de Micologia
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Mar 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Microbiology
    • Infectious Diseases

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