Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries

Oliver Schlösser, Michael Frese, Anna Maria Heintze, Musaed Al-Najjar, Thomas Arciszewski, Elias Besevegis, George D. Bishop, Mirilia Bonnes, Chris W. Clegg, Ewa Drozda-Senkowska, Mauricio Gaborit, Dayra Garzon, Tia G B Hansen, Irena Heszen, Marta Juhasz, Mary A. Keating, Wustari Mangundjaya, Norma Mansor, Jacqueline K. Mitchelson, Alejandra Ortiz-ReynosoJanak Pandey, Ubolwanna Pavakanun, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Jose M. Peiro, Kristina Potocnik, Maria H. Restrepo-Espinosa, Norbert Semmer, Antonio C. Tupinamba, Elizabeth R. Ventura, Matthew Whoolery, Kan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We validate, extend, and empirically and theoretically criticize the cultural dimension of humane orientation of the project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program). Theoretically, humane orientation is not just a one-dimensionally positive concept about being caring, altruistic, and kind to others as discussed by Kabasakal and Bodur (2004), but there is also a certain ambivalence to this concept. We suggest differentiating humane orientation toward in-group members from humane orientation toward out-group members. A multicountry construct validation study used student samples from 25 countries that were either high or low in humane orientation (N = 876) and studied their relation to the traditional GLOBE scale and other cultural-level measures (agreeableness, religiosity, authoritarianism, and welfare state score). Findings revealed a strong correlation between humane orientation and agreeableness, welfare state score, and religiosity. Out-group humane orientation proved to be the more relevant subfacet of the original humane orientation construct, suggesting that future research on humane orientation should make use of this measure instead of the vague original scale. The ambivalent character of out-group humane orientation is displayed in its positive correlation to high authoritarianism. Patriotism was used as a control variable for noncritical acceptance of one's society but did not change the correlations. Our findings are discussed as an example of how rigid expectations and a lack of tolerance for diversity may help explain the ambivalent nature of humane orientation. © The Author(s) 2012.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1 - 16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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Authoritarianism
organizational behavior
Validation Studies
outgroup
Program Evaluation
leadership
Research
Students
authoritarianism
group membership
welfare state
patriotism
ambivalence
tolerance

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Schlösser, Oliver ; Frese, Michael ; Heintze, Anna Maria ; Al-Najjar, Musaed ; Arciszewski, Thomas ; Besevegis, Elias ; Bishop, George D. ; Bonnes, Mirilia ; Clegg, Chris W. ; Drozda-Senkowska, Ewa ; Gaborit, Mauricio ; Garzon, Dayra ; Hansen, Tia G B ; Heszen, Irena ; Juhasz, Marta ; Keating, Mary A. ; Mangundjaya, Wustari ; Mansor, Norma ; Mitchelson, Jacqueline K. ; Ortiz-Reynoso, Alejandra ; Pandey, Janak ; Pavakanun, Ubolwanna ; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis ; Peiro, Jose M. ; Potocnik, Kristina ; Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria H. ; Semmer, Norbert ; Tupinamba, Antonio C. ; Ventura, Elizabeth R. ; Whoolery, Matthew ; Zhang, Kan. / Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2012 ; pp. 1 - 16.
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title = "Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries",
abstract = "We validate, extend, and empirically and theoretically criticize the cultural dimension of humane orientation of the project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program). Theoretically, humane orientation is not just a one-dimensionally positive concept about being caring, altruistic, and kind to others as discussed by Kabasakal and Bodur (2004), but there is also a certain ambivalence to this concept. We suggest differentiating humane orientation toward in-group members from humane orientation toward out-group members. A multicountry construct validation study used student samples from 25 countries that were either high or low in humane orientation (N = 876) and studied their relation to the traditional GLOBE scale and other cultural-level measures (agreeableness, religiosity, authoritarianism, and welfare state score). Findings revealed a strong correlation between humane orientation and agreeableness, welfare state score, and religiosity. Out-group humane orientation proved to be the more relevant subfacet of the original humane orientation construct, suggesting that future research on humane orientation should make use of this measure instead of the vague original scale. The ambivalent character of out-group humane orientation is displayed in its positive correlation to high authoritarianism. Patriotism was used as a control variable for noncritical acceptance of one's society but did not change the correlations. Our findings are discussed as an example of how rigid expectations and a lack of tolerance for diversity may help explain the ambivalent nature of humane orientation. {\circledC} The Author(s) 2012.",
author = "Oliver Schl{\"o}sser and Michael Frese and Heintze, {Anna Maria} and Musaed Al-Najjar and Thomas Arciszewski and Elias Besevegis and Bishop, {George D.} and Mirilia Bonnes and Clegg, {Chris W.} and Ewa Drozda-Senkowska and Mauricio Gaborit and Dayra Garzon and Hansen, {Tia G B} and Irena Heszen and Marta Juhasz and Keating, {Mary A.} and Wustari Mangundjaya and Norma Mansor and Mitchelson, {Jacqueline K.} and Alejandra Ortiz-Reynoso and Janak Pandey and Ubolwanna Pavakanun and Vassilis Pavlopoulos and Peiro, {Jose M.} and Kristina Potocnik and Restrepo-Espinosa, {Maria H.} and Norbert Semmer and Tupinamba, {Antonio C.} and Ventura, {Elizabeth R.} and Matthew Whoolery and Kan Zhang",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1177/0022022112465671",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1 -- 16",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
issn = "0022-0221",
publisher = "SAGE Publishing",

}

Schlösser, O, Frese, M, Heintze, AM, Al-Najjar, M, Arciszewski, T, Besevegis, E, Bishop, GD, Bonnes, M, Clegg, CW, Drozda-Senkowska, E, Gaborit, M, Garzon, D, Hansen, TGB, Heszen, I, Juhasz, M, Keating, MA, Mangundjaya, W, Mansor, N, Mitchelson, JK, Ortiz-Reynoso, A, Pandey, J, Pavakanun, U, Pavlopoulos, V, Peiro, JM, Potocnik, K, Restrepo-Espinosa, MH, Semmer, N, Tupinamba, AC, Ventura, ER, Whoolery, M & Zhang, K 2012, 'Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, pp. 1 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022112465671, https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022112465671

Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries. / Schlösser, Oliver; Frese, Michael; Heintze, Anna Maria; Al-Najjar, Musaed; Arciszewski, Thomas; Besevegis, Elias; Bishop, George D.; Bonnes, Mirilia; Clegg, Chris W.; Drozda-Senkowska, Ewa; Gaborit, Mauricio; Garzon, Dayra; Hansen, Tia G B; Heszen, Irena; Juhasz, Marta; Keating, Mary A.; Mangundjaya, Wustari; Mansor, Norma; Mitchelson, Jacqueline K.; Ortiz-Reynoso, Alejandra; Pandey, Janak; Pavakanun, Ubolwanna; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis; Peiro, Jose M.; Potocnik, Kristina; Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria H.; Semmer, Norbert; Tupinamba, Antonio C.; Ventura, Elizabeth R.; Whoolery, Matthew; Zhang, Kan.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2012, p. 1 - 16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Humane Orientation as a New Cultural Dimension of the GLOBE Project: A Validation Study of the GLOBE Scale and Out-Group Humane Orientation in 25 Countries

AU - Schlösser, Oliver

AU - Frese, Michael

AU - Heintze, Anna Maria

AU - Al-Najjar, Musaed

AU - Arciszewski, Thomas

AU - Besevegis, Elias

AU - Bishop, George D.

AU - Bonnes, Mirilia

AU - Clegg, Chris W.

AU - Drozda-Senkowska, Ewa

AU - Gaborit, Mauricio

AU - Garzon, Dayra

AU - Hansen, Tia G B

AU - Heszen, Irena

AU - Juhasz, Marta

AU - Keating, Mary A.

AU - Mangundjaya, Wustari

AU - Mansor, Norma

AU - Mitchelson, Jacqueline K.

AU - Ortiz-Reynoso, Alejandra

AU - Pandey, Janak

AU - Pavakanun, Ubolwanna

AU - Pavlopoulos, Vassilis

AU - Peiro, Jose M.

AU - Potocnik, Kristina

AU - Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria H.

AU - Semmer, Norbert

AU - Tupinamba, Antonio C.

AU - Ventura, Elizabeth R.

AU - Whoolery, Matthew

AU - Zhang, Kan

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We validate, extend, and empirically and theoretically criticize the cultural dimension of humane orientation of the project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program). Theoretically, humane orientation is not just a one-dimensionally positive concept about being caring, altruistic, and kind to others as discussed by Kabasakal and Bodur (2004), but there is also a certain ambivalence to this concept. We suggest differentiating humane orientation toward in-group members from humane orientation toward out-group members. A multicountry construct validation study used student samples from 25 countries that were either high or low in humane orientation (N = 876) and studied their relation to the traditional GLOBE scale and other cultural-level measures (agreeableness, religiosity, authoritarianism, and welfare state score). Findings revealed a strong correlation between humane orientation and agreeableness, welfare state score, and religiosity. Out-group humane orientation proved to be the more relevant subfacet of the original humane orientation construct, suggesting that future research on humane orientation should make use of this measure instead of the vague original scale. The ambivalent character of out-group humane orientation is displayed in its positive correlation to high authoritarianism. Patriotism was used as a control variable for noncritical acceptance of one's society but did not change the correlations. Our findings are discussed as an example of how rigid expectations and a lack of tolerance for diversity may help explain the ambivalent nature of humane orientation. © The Author(s) 2012.

AB - We validate, extend, and empirically and theoretically criticize the cultural dimension of humane orientation of the project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program). Theoretically, humane orientation is not just a one-dimensionally positive concept about being caring, altruistic, and kind to others as discussed by Kabasakal and Bodur (2004), but there is also a certain ambivalence to this concept. We suggest differentiating humane orientation toward in-group members from humane orientation toward out-group members. A multicountry construct validation study used student samples from 25 countries that were either high or low in humane orientation (N = 876) and studied their relation to the traditional GLOBE scale and other cultural-level measures (agreeableness, religiosity, authoritarianism, and welfare state score). Findings revealed a strong correlation between humane orientation and agreeableness, welfare state score, and religiosity. Out-group humane orientation proved to be the more relevant subfacet of the original humane orientation construct, suggesting that future research on humane orientation should make use of this measure instead of the vague original scale. The ambivalent character of out-group humane orientation is displayed in its positive correlation to high authoritarianism. Patriotism was used as a control variable for noncritical acceptance of one's society but did not change the correlations. Our findings are discussed as an example of how rigid expectations and a lack of tolerance for diversity may help explain the ambivalent nature of humane orientation. © The Author(s) 2012.

U2 - 10.1177/0022022112465671

DO - 10.1177/0022022112465671

M3 - Article

SP - 1

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JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

ER -