Handgrip strength attenuates the adverse effects of overweight on cardiometabolic risk factors among collegiate students but not in individuals with higher fat levels

Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Mark D. Peterson, Mikel Izquierdo, Daniel Prieto-Benavides, Carolina Sandoval-Cuellar, Katherine González-Ruíz, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aims of this study are to (i) examine a clustered metabolic syndrome composite score (MetScore) and fatness among college students across body mass index (BMI) categories, and (ii) determine whether fit individuals have lower MetScores, fewer individual metabolic syndrome components, and lower fatness than unfit individuals across BMI categories. A total of 1,795 participants aged >18 years who participated in The FUPRECOL Study were selected for the present analyses. Handgrip strength was tested by a grip dynamometer and used to classify adults as fit or unfit. Among all participants, MetScore, percentage of body fat, and visceral adiposity increased linearly across the BMI categories among college students (all P < 0.001). Individuals who were overweight and fit had a lower MetScore (−0.6 SD; P = 0.02), body fat percentage (−2.6%; P < 0.001) and visceral adiposity (−0.2; P = 0.01) than unfit peers. Moderately fit obese individuals had significantly lower visceral fat levels than unfit obese peers (−3.0; P = 0.03). These results suggest that having adequate handgrip strength-a proxy of overall strength capacity-may attenuate obesity-related cardiometabolic risk. Moreover, weight loss should be recommended to all individuals with obesity, even among those who are currently considered fit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6986
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Handgrip strength attenuates the adverse effects of overweight on cardiometabolic risk factors among collegiate students but not in individuals with higher fat levels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this