Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment in patients over 55 years. Currently, the most common therapies for neovascular AMD (nAMD) are intravitreal antiangiogenics. Studies suggest that genetic factors influence on antiangiogenics therapy outcomes. The purpose of this work was to establish the association between complement factor H (CFH) (Y402H), age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) (A69S), and high-temperature requirement factor A1 (HTRA1) (rs11200638) polymorphisms and the response to treatment with ranibizumab in patients with nAMD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 61 eyes with nAMD treated with ranibizumab was performed. Association between polymorphisms from CFH, ARMS2, and HTRA1 with the response to treatment was established. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 76.6 (51-91) years. Only 37.7% of patients had a functional response and 26.2% had an anatomic response. TT polymorphism Y402H from CFH gene was associated with an increased likelihood of functional response to treatment. Otherwise, there was not a statistically significant association between anatomic and functional response to gene polymorphisms rs11200638 from HTRA1 and rs10490924 from ARMS 2. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the response to intravitreal antiangiogenic therapy with ranibizumab was not associated to main polymorphisms from genes HTRA1 and ARMS2. However, it was found that the response to treatment differed according to CFH genotype, suggesting that further investigations are needed to establish if patients with the CC and TC genotype may need to be monitored more closely for disease recurrence than the TT genotype.
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