Fitting models of continuous trait evolution to incompletely sampled comparative data using approximate bayesian computation

G.J. Slater, L.J. Harmon, D. Wegmann, P. Joyce, L.J. Revell, M.E. Alfaro

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    52 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In recent years, a suite of methods has been developed to fit multiple rate models to phylogenetic comparative data. However, most methods have limited utility at broad phylogenetic scales because they typically require complete sampling of both the tree and the associated phenotypic data. Here, we develop and implement a new, tree-based method calledMECCA(Modeling Evolution of Continuous Characters using ABC) that uses a hybrid likelihood/approximate Bayesian computation (ABC)-Markov-Chain Monte Carlo approach to simultaneously infer rates of diversification and trait evolution from incompletely sampled phylogenies and trait data. We demonstrate via simulation thatMECCAhas considerable power to choose among single versus multiple evolutionary rate models, and thus can be used to test hypotheses about changes in the rate of trait evolution across an incomplete tree of life. We finally applyMECCAto an empirical example of body size evolution in carnivores, and show that there is no evidence for an elevated rate of body size evolution in the pinnipeds relative to terrestrial carnivores. ABC approaches can provide a useful alternative set of tools for future macroevolutionary studies where likelihood-dependent approaches are lacking. © 2011 The Author(s). Evolution © 2011 The Society for the Study of Evolution.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)752-762
    Number of pages11
    JournalEvolution
    Volume66
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2011

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