Ferritin Levels in Colombian Children: Findings from the 2010 National Nutrition Survey (ENSIN).

Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Javier Martinez-Torres, Katherine Gonzalez-Ruiz, Felipe Lobelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low ferritin is associated with many adverse health outcomes and is highly prevalent worldwide. The aim of this study was to describe the key findings related to plasma ferritin levels to identify the prevalence and associated sociodemographic factors in a representative sample of children in Colombia, based on the 2010 National Nutrition Survey. We analyzed cross-sectional data from 6650 Colombian children between the ages of 5 and 12. Plasma ferritin levels were determined by chemiluminescence. Sociodemographic data was assessed by computer-assisted personal interview technology. All analyses were conducted considering the complex nature of the sample. Of the children assessed, 3.5% had low ferritin, defined as levels. A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed increased risks for low ferritin levels among black or Afro-Colombian ethnic group and for those living in the northern, western and southern regions of the country. In conclusion, a significant prevalence of anemia caused by low ferritin levels was found and various sociodemographic factors were associated with this finding in Colombia. Continued surveillance and implementation of interventions to improve dietary patterns among the identified high-risk groups should be considered. Implementing these recommendations can help reduce manifestations of iron deficiency (e.g., delays in infant and child development) and thus improve public health.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405
Number of pages1
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume13
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016

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