Evaluation of genetic association between an ITGAM non-synonymous SNP (rs1143679) and multiple autoimmune diseases

Juan Manuel Anaya, Xana Kim-Howard, Sampath Prahalad, Alejandra Cherñavsky, Carlos Cañas, Adriana Rojas-Villarraga, John Bohnsack, Roland Jonsson, Anne Isine Bolstad, Johan G. Brun, Beth Cobb, Kathy L. Moser, Judith A. James, John B. Harley, Swapan K. Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many autoimmune diseases (ADs) share similar underlying pathology and have a tendency to cluster within families, supporting the involvement of shared susceptibility genes. To date, most of the genetic variants associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility also show association with others ADs. ITGAM and its associated 'predisposing' variant (rs1143679, Arg77His), predicted to alter the tertiary structures of the ligand-binding domain of ITGAM, may play a key role for SLE pathogenesis. The aim of this study is to examine whether the ITGAM variant is also associated with other ADs. We evaluated case-control association between rs1143679 and ADs (N=18,457) including primary Sjögren's syndrome, systemic sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, celiac disease, and type-1 diabetes. We also performed meta-analyses using our data in addition to available published data. Although the risk allele 'A' is relatively more frequent among cases for each disease, it was not significantly associated with any other ADs tested in this study. However, the meta-analysis for systemic sclerosis was associated with rs1143679 (p meta=0.008). In summary, this study explored the role of ITGAM in general autoimmunity in seven non-lupus ADs, and only found association for systemic sclerosis when our results were combined with published results. Thus ITGAM may not be a general autoimmunity gene but this variant may be specifically associated with SLE and systemic sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-280
Number of pages5
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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