Epidemiología de la enfermedad por meningococo en Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Colombia

Alberto Velez-Van-Meerbeke, Nicolás Medina-Silva, Sandra Besada-Lombana, José Alejandro Mojica-Maderob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this paper was to describe the epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Colombia. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive study based on data from various sources in the National Surveillance System. The variables were analysed descriptively and the incidence rates were estimated when the required data were available. Results: During the 2005-2011 period, 1,065 cases were reported, which represented an annual mean incidence of 0.36/100.000 inhabitants. Of these, only 46% were confirmed, which reveals a gap between reporting and confirmation. The greatest incidence was observed in infants younger than one year (5.4-6.9/100,000) and 50% of the cases occurred in children under 10 years of age. Discussion: Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B represented the greatest proportion of isolates; however, serogroups Y and C have been increasing recently. The symptoms were non-specific, the course of the disease was rapid and the lethality high (13.3%). Conclusions: There is a need to improve the available tools for diagnosis and surveillance. Prevention must be oriented toward infants, toddlers and children including protection against serogroups C and Y. Research into strategies for prevention against serogroup B is also necessary.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalInfectio
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Colombia
Epidemiology
Incidence
Serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis
Information Storage and Retrieval
Research
Serogroup

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Velez-Van-Meerbeke, A., Medina-Silva, N., Besada-Lombana, S., & Mojica-Maderob, J. A. (2017). Epidemiología de la enfermedad por meningococo en Colombia. Infectio, 21(1), 19-24. https://doi.org/10.22354/in.v21i1.637
Velez-Van-Meerbeke, Alberto ; Medina-Silva, Nicolás ; Besada-Lombana, Sandra ; Mojica-Maderob, José Alejandro. / Epidemiología de la enfermedad por meningococo en Colombia. In: Infectio. 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 19-24.
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Velez-Van-Meerbeke, A, Medina-Silva, N, Besada-Lombana, S & Mojica-Maderob, JA 2017, 'Epidemiología de la enfermedad por meningococo en Colombia', Infectio, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 19-24. https://doi.org/10.22354/in.v21i1.637

Epidemiología de la enfermedad por meningococo en Colombia. / Velez-Van-Meerbeke, Alberto; Medina-Silva, Nicolás; Besada-Lombana, Sandra; Mojica-Maderob, José Alejandro.

In: Infectio, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2017, p. 19-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Velez-Van-Meerbeke, Alberto

AU - Medina-Silva, Nicolás

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AU - Mojica-Maderob, José Alejandro

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