Job demand control and hypertension a cross-sectional study in colombian typist

Leonardo Briceno, K. Radon, Tatiana Hermida

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Hypertension has become a public health a
worldwide challenge. It has been associated with psychosocial
working conditions and with several chronic diseases. One of
the job positions where poor psychosocial working condition
might be present is a typist. We aimed to determine the prevalence
of hypertension In Colombian typist population, associated
with psychosocial factors at the work and identifying
associated socio-demographic characteristics and employment
conditions.
Methods Cross sectional interview-based questionnaire study
and measurements (blood pressure, high, weigh) in 196 typist
and 134 administrative workers from the same company in
Colombia (response 100%). Logistic regression models adjust
to type of work, job demand control, Effort-Reward-Ratio,
social support, age, gender and overweight.
Results The prevalence of hypertension in workers was
17.82%. The age of workers was from 20 to 39 years
(76.3%). From the participants with high blood pressure,
31.2% had overweight, 21% reported high tension and 20%
indicated active job (p 0.36). The most important associations
in the logistic regression, was overweight (OR 4.6; 95% CI:
2.1 to 9.9), age between 30 and 40 years (OR 2.75; 95% CI:
1.1 to 6.5), high social support (OR 2.45; 95% CI: 1.1 to
5.1) and active job (OR 3.36; 95% CI: 1.1 to 10.2).
Conclusions This study results indicate an increment of the
prevalence of hypertension in Colombian young people,
related to the epidemiological transition. It is an evidence of
the need to shift the orientation of the country health programs
to chronic diseases, such as the hypertension and
overweight.
Translated title of the contributionDemanda control en el trabajo e hipertensión, estudio transversal en digitadoras colombianas
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607
Number of pages607
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2018

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