Dynamic cloud regimes, incident sunlight, and leaf temperatures in espeletia grandiflora and Chusquea tessellata, two representative species of the Andean Páramo, Colombia

Adriana Sanchez, Juan Posada, William K. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The alpine páramo of Chingaza National Park, Colombia, has a highly variable cloud regime typical of many tropical alpine areas. Yet, little information is available regarding the effects of such dynamic sunlight regimes on alpine temperatures. A close association between changes in incident sunlight and corresponding air (Ta) and leaf (Tl) temperatures occurred in two dominant species with strongly contrasting leaf form and whole-plant architecture. Spikes in sunlight incidence of >3000 μmol m-2 s-1 occurred during cloud cover and corresponded to increases in Tl of 4-5 °C in a 1-min-interval in both species. Although Tl was predominately above Ta, during the day, depressions below Ta of over 6 °C occurred during cloudy conditions when photosynthetic photon flux density (PFDs) was <400 μmol m-2 s-1. The greatest frequency (69%) of changes in incident sunlight (PFDs; over 2-min intervals) was less than 100 μmol m-2 s-1, although changes >1000 μmol m-2 s-1 occurred for 2.4% of the day, including a maximum change of 1512 μmol m-2 s-1. These data may be valuable for predicting the ecophysiological impact of climate warming and associated changes in future cloud regimes experienced by tropical alpine species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-378
Number of pages8
JournalArctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2014

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Chusquea
paramo
Colombia
solar radiation
photon flux density
plant architecture
leaves
temperature
cloud cover
national park
warming
angle of incidence
global warming
national parks
inflorescences
air
climate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "The alpine p{\'a}ramo of Chingaza National Park, Colombia, has a highly variable cloud regime typical of many tropical alpine areas. Yet, little information is available regarding the effects of such dynamic sunlight regimes on alpine temperatures. A close association between changes in incident sunlight and corresponding air (Ta) and leaf (Tl) temperatures occurred in two dominant species with strongly contrasting leaf form and whole-plant architecture. Spikes in sunlight incidence of >3000 μmol m-2 s-1 occurred during cloud cover and corresponded to increases in Tl of 4-5 °C in a 1-min-interval in both species. Although Tl was predominately above Ta, during the day, depressions below Ta of over 6 °C occurred during cloudy conditions when photosynthetic photon flux density (PFDs) was <400 μmol m-2 s-1. The greatest frequency (69{\%}) of changes in incident sunlight (PFDs; over 2-min intervals) was less than 100 μmol m-2 s-1, although changes >1000 μmol m-2 s-1 occurred for 2.4{\%} of the day, including a maximum change of 1512 μmol m-2 s-1. These data may be valuable for predicting the ecophysiological impact of climate warming and associated changes in future cloud regimes experienced by tropical alpine species.",
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