Sarcopenic dysphagia is a swallowing difficulty associated with loss of mass, strength and generalized muscular function. Its prevalence is higher among elderly patients and those with malnutrition or with disuse of the swallowing musculature. It is associated with adverse outcomes such as aspiration pneumonia and accumulation of waste in the oropharyngeal cavity after swallowing as well as with poor quality of life and prolonged hospital stays. A review of the literature available on the subject was done in order to provide a guide for early detection and management of this clinical entity which is needed for clinical practice.
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