Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Determining social factors related to pesticide poisoning among rice farmers in Colombia

Marcela E Varona, Sonia M Díaz, Leonardo Briceño, Clara I Sánchez-Infante, Carlos Humberto Torres Rey, Ruth M Palma, Helena Groot, Alvaro J Idrovo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)617-629
Number of pages13
JournalRevista de Salud Publica
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Colombia
Pesticides
Poisoning
bromophos
Azinphosmethyl
Endosulfan
Education
DDT
Water
Social Security
Social Conditions
Virus Diseases
Poverty
Health Status
Oryza
Farmers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Delivery of Health Care
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Varona, Marcela E ; Díaz, Sonia M ; Briceño, Leonardo ; Sánchez-Infante, Clara I ; Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto ; Palma, Ruth M ; Groot, Helena ; Idrovo, Alvaro J. / Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. In: Revista de Salud Publica. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 617-629.
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abstract = "Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 {\%}), moderate (67.98 {\%}) and severe (5.51 {\%}) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.",
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Varona, ME, Díaz, SM, Briceño, L, Sánchez-Infante, CI, Torres Rey, CH, Palma, RM, Groot, H & Idrovo, AJ 2016, 'Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia', Revista de Salud Publica, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 617-629. https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617

Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. / Varona, Marcela E; Díaz, Sonia M; Briceño, Leonardo; Sánchez-Infante, Clara I; Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto; Palma, Ruth M; Groot, Helena; Idrovo, Alvaro J.

In: Revista de Salud Publica, Vol. 18, No. 4, 08.2016, p. 617-629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Varona, Marcela E

AU - Díaz, Sonia M

AU - Briceño, Leonardo

AU - Sánchez-Infante, Clara I

AU - Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto

AU - Palma, Ruth M

AU - Groot, Helena

AU - Idrovo, Alvaro J

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N2 - Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

AB - Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

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