Daily practice clinic of scientific evidence in the physiotherapy management of chronic nonspecific low back pain

María Constanza Trillos Chacón, Janeth Hernández Jaramillo, Ana María Osorio Camacho, Ángela María Pulido Forero, Maritza Angélica Rodríguez Muñoz, Ana María Rojas Ramos, Andrea Torres Cuartas

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Abstract

© 2015, Universidad del Rosario. All rights reserved.Introduction: 80 % of adults experience back pain at least once in their life. Back pain is the third leading cause of consultation in the emergency room, the fourth in general practice, the second of disability pension and the first job relocation. Objective: To compare the criteria that guide decision making of a group of physiotherapists in Bogota Colombia for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain management criteria contained in the guide COST B13 (European Guidelines For The Management Of Chronic Non- specific Low Back Pain, 2004). Material and methods: This was a descriptive study, for which clinical practice guideline COST B13 for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain through the AGREE tool is selected and a survey was applied to 50 physiotherapists through a convenience sample with to compare the clinical practices that are performed with the recommendations given guidance. Results: 56 % of respondents had some type of training for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain (DLCI). 94 % of patients with DLCI served range in age from 40 to 59, with female predominance. In 80 % of respondents stated that physiotherapists diagnostic help with counting for the management of patients is the radiological image. 80 % of physiotherapists evaluated variable lumbar pain experienced by the patient and 54 % stance. Other aspects were reported in lower percentage. In the treatment of DLCI, physiotherapists reported use of stretching in 80 % of cases, the superficial thermotherapy in 70 % and isometric muscle strength in 70 %, all with favorable results. Conclusion: There are differences between clinical practice of physiotherapists and guidelines contained in the recommendations of the guide in the cost DLCI B13. Mainly in the processes of physiotherapy assessment of the surveyed population as they are often focused on observation and not always in the rigorous measurement, which makes it difficult to establish indicators of process and outcome in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with DLCI.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-231
Number of pages17
JournalRevista Ciencias de la Salud
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

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Trillos Chacón, M. C., Hernández Jaramillo, J., Osorio Camacho, A. M., Pulido Forero, Á. M., Rodríguez Muñoz, M. A., Rojas Ramos, A. M., & Torres Cuartas, A. (2015). Daily practice clinic of scientific evidence in the physiotherapy management of chronic nonspecific low back pain. Revista Ciencias de la Salud, 215-231.