Práctica clínica cotidiana frente a la evidencia científica en el manejo fisioterapéutico del dolor lumbar crónico inespecífico

Translated title of the contribution: Daily practice clinic of scientific evidence in the physiotherapy management of chronic nonspecific low back pain

María Constanza Trillos Chacón, Janeth Hernández Jaramillo, Ana María Osorio Camacho, Ángela María Pulido Forero, Maritza Angélica Rodríguez Muñoz, Ana María Rojas Ramos, Andrea Torres Cuartas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: 80% of adults experience back pain at least once in their life. Back pain is the third leading cause of consultation in the emergency room, the fourth in general practice, the second of disability pension and the first job relocation. Objective: To compare criteria that guide decision making of a group of physiotherapists in Bogota, Colombia, for managing chronic nonspecific low back pain management criteria contained in the guide COST B13 (European Guidelines for the Management of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain, 2004). Material and methods: This was a descriptive study, for which the clinical practice guideline COST B13 for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain through the AGREE tool is selected. A survey was applied to 50 physiotherapists through a convenience sample to compare the clinical practices performed with the recommendations given guidance. Results: 56% of respondents had some type of training for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain (cnlbp). 94% of attended patients with cnlbp ranged ages from 40 to 59, with female predominance. 80% of respondents
tated that physiotherapists’ diagnostic help with counting for the management of patients is the radiological image. 80% of physiotherapists evaluate the variable of experienced lumbar pain based on what the patient says and 54% based on the posture. Other aspects reported rated lower percentages. In the treatment of cnlbp, physiotherapists reported the use of stretching in 80% of cases; superficial thermotherapy in 70% and isometric muscle strength in 70% of cases, all with favorable results. Conclusion: There are differences between the physiotherapists’ clinical practice of and the guidelines contained in the recommendations of the in the cnlbp cost B13 guide. Mainly in the processes of physiotherapeutic assessment, as they are often focused on observation and not always in the rigorous measurement, which makes it difficult to establish process indicators and results in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cnlbp.
Translated title of the contributionDaily practice clinic of scientific evidence in the physiotherapy management of chronic nonspecific low back pain
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)215-231
Number of pages17
JournalRevista Ciencias de la Salud
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

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