PURPOSE: To provide recommendations for diagnosis of vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL). METHODS: Literature was reviewed for reports supporting the diagnosis of VRL. A questionnaire (Delphi 1 round) was distributed to 28 participants. In the second round (Delphi 2), items of the questionnaire not reaching consensus (75% agreement) were discussed to finalize the recommendations. RESULTS: Presenting symptoms include floaters and painless loss of vision, vitreous cells organized into sheets or clumps. Retinal lesions are usually multifocal creamy/white in the outer retina. Other findings include retinal lesions with "leopard-skin" appearance and retinal pigment epithelium atrophy. Severe vitreous infiltration without macular edema is the most likely presentation. Diagnostic vitrectomy should be performed. Systemic corticosteroid should be discontinued at least 2 weeks before surgery. An interleukin (IL)-10:IL-6 ratio > 1, positive mutation for the myeloid differentiation primary response 88 gene and monoclonality are indicators of VRL. Multi-modal imaging (optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence) are recommended. CONCLUSIONS: A consensus meeting allowed the establishment of recommendations important for the diagnosis of VRL.
|Translated title of the contribution||Consenso de Recomendaciones para el Diagnóstico de Linfoma Vitreoretiniano|
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Ocular Immunology and Inflammation|
|State||Published - May 19 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine