Colombian Ocular Infectious Epidemiology Study (COIES): Ocular Toxoplasmosis Incidence and Sociodemographic Characterization, 2015-2019

Carlos Cifuentes-González, Estefanía Zapata-Bravo, María Camila Sierra-Cote, Laura Boada-Robayo, Ángela Paola Vargas-Largo, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Alejandra de-la-Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to describe the incidence of ocular involvement in patients with toxoplasmosis and describe the sociodemographic characteristics by age, sex, and region in Colombia, based on the
National Health Registry of data between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2019.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using the Integrated Social Protection Information System database from the Colombian Ministry of Health, the unique official database in the country. We
used the International Classification of Diseases for all codes of toxoplasmosis with a specific filter for
ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) from 2015 to 2019 to estimate the incidence and the demographic status of
the disease in Colombia.
Results: During the 5 years of study, the crude unadjusted incidence of OT was 42.02 (Confidence Interval 30.29-56.19) cases in 1,000 patients with toxoplasmosis per year, showing a significant increase of
incidence when comparing the year 2019 to the year 2015. There was a predominance of female patients
(58% of the cases). The distribution by age shows an increase in cases of the disease in subjects aged 15
to 49 years (65.2%). The geographic analysis showed a higher proportion of cases in the Andean region,
followed by the Pacific and the Atlantic regions.
Conclusion: This is the first study that determines the epidemiological characteristics of OT based on a
National Health database in Colombia, showing a public health problem and evidencing the neediness of
solidifying preventive and screening strategies in the Colombian population
Translated title of the contributionColombian Ocular Infectious Epidemiology Study (COIES): Ocular Toxoplasmosis Incidence and Sociodemographic Characterization, 2015-2019
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)349-355
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume117
Issue number2022
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Author Keywords

  • Concept
  • Incidence Study
  • Ocular Toxoplasmosis
  • Ophthalmology
  • Toxoplasmosis

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