Clinical Features of Infectious Uveitis in the Pediatric Population in Colombia

Daniela Roca, Diana A Cortés, Shirley M Rosenstiehl, Vanessa Carpio, William Rojas-Carabali, Alejandra De-La-Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the clinical features of infectious uveitis in pediatric patients in two ophthalmology referral centers in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2000 and July 2017.MethodsRetrospective observational clinical study.

Results: We evaluated 270 children (370 eyes), of which 151 were female (55.9%) and 119 were male (44.1%). The mean age at presentation was 9.14 ± 6.1 years. Posterior uveitis was the most common type of uveitis, with insidious onset, persistent duration, and chronic course. Toxoplasmosis was the most frequent cause, followed by toxocariasis, Herpes simplex virus, and cytomegalovirus. The mean initial best-corrected visual acuity was 1.2 logMAR, 8,5% of patients had bilateral blindness, and patients with panuveitis had the worst prognosis. The most common complications found was strabismus followed by cataract, and retinal detachment.

Conclusions: Infectious etiologies, especially parasitic diseases, are the leading cause of uveitis in our pediatric population. Furthermore, these infections have an enormous impact on the visual health of our children, leading to a high percentage of visual impairment. This study contributes to understanding the distribution of parasitic ocular infections in developing countries and improving public health policies of pediatric visual health.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAvailable at SSRN 3878676
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Jul 2 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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