Accidente cerebrovascular de la arteria basilar: Cannabis como factor de riesgo en jóvenes

Translated title of the contribution: Cerebrovascular accident of basilar artery: Cannabis as a risk factor in young people

Kevin Aarón Tapias-Cáceres, José Daniel Suarez-Plata, Silvia Tatiana Quintero-Oliveros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. The basilar artery is formed from the vertebral arteries, runs over the pons and bifurcates, originating the posterior cerebral arteries. It irrigates part of the brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus, and the occipital and temporal lobes of the brain. Its obstruction is rare (1% of ischemic accidents), it can occur in any part of its path, with a diverse clinical condition. In young people, other risk factors other than cardiovascular ones are added; psychoactive substance use is included. The objective of this article is to present the case of a young adult, his evolution after endovascular intervention and the association, overlooked, to the consumption of cannabinoids. Clinical case. 23-year-old man with 14 hours of right peripheral facial paralysis, diplopia, dysarthria, left hyperreflexia and hemiparesis, dysphagia, nausea and emesis. Simple skull Computerized Axial Tomography without alterations. Subsequently, when a nuclear magnetic resonance was performed, pontomesencephalic ischemia and acute lacunar ischemic foci in the cerebellar lobes were evidenced. The basilar artery territory was considered compromised, so a CT angiography was performed, which revealed a critical obstruction of said artery at the level of the distal third. A stent-retriever thrombectomy was performed with total recanalization of the basilar artery with flow in its entirety. Upon discharge, he was classified as "idiopathic" according to the TOAST classification. Conclusions. The etiological scales for stroke created for older adults overestimate idiopathic etiology in young patients, which may cause cannabis use to be overlooked as a cause despite the association reported in the literature.

Translated title of the contributionCerebrovascular accident of basilar artery: Cannabis as a risk factor in young people
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)262-267
Number of pages6
JournalMedUNAB
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)

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