Brazilian climate politics 2005-2012: Ambivalence and paradox

Eduardo Viola, Matías Franchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Climate change has become a powerful social and political driver of our time. Within this context, progressive national and international societies are faced with a central challenge: how can reformist forces become strong enough to bypass the efforts of conservative forces and initiate a rapid and profound response to the climate crisis? This article reviews the politics of climate change in Brazil between 2005 and 2012 with reference to this central societal challenge, focusing on reformist and conservative actors such as economic and social forces, as well as the role of the government. This review identifies three periods: first, 2005-2008, when reformist forces grew strongly from a weak base; second, 2009-2010, when there was a peak in influence of reformist forces, while at the same time as conservative forces were growing strong; and third, 2011-2012, when conservative forces became predominant and were strongly supported by the government.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-688
Number of pages12
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Atmospheric Science


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