Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study

Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-Ríovalle, Carmen Flores Navarro-Pérez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Javier Martínez-Torres, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages6
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this