Riesgos biomecánicos asociados al desorden músculo-esquelético en pacientes del régimen contributivo que consultan a un centro ambulatorio en Madrid, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Biomechanical risks associated to musculoskeletal disorder in patients of the contributory health plan who attend an ambulatory center in Madrid, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) associated with employment accounts for 82% of occupational diseases in Colombia. Occupational exposure may be a trigger agent through employment repetitive motions, heavy lifting, and static postures. Objective: To determine the distribution and association between biomechanical risk factors in workers with MSD by anatomic segment. Materials and methods: A survey (questionnaire) on working conditions and health to 299 workers in a cross-sectional study was applied. Results: The distribution of MSD was higher in the upper segment (59.5%) followed by the back (27.8%) and in females (75.3%). The risk factors major exposures were to be stand (94%) and repetitive motions (91.6%). Factors associated in the back and lower extremities MSD were heavy lifting (p < 0.001), conduct force (p = 0.012) and work in comfort (p = 0.036), in the upper segment, the repetitive motion (p = 0.001). The largest joint association of repetitive movements (OR = 1.563 CI 95% 1.094 to 2.232) was established in the upper segment of DME compared to the lower. For the back, heavy lifting (OR = 1.549 CI 95% 1.228 to 1.954) compared with the upper segment as when compared with the lower (OR = 1.160 CI 95% 0.828 to 1.627). Conclusions: The segment most frequently linked with MSD was the upper extremity, which is associated with the repetitive motion and the female gender; followed by the back associated with heavy lifting and male gender.

Translated title of the contributionBiomechanical risks associated to musculoskeletal disorder in patients of the contributory health plan who attend an ambulatory center in Madrid, Cundinamarca, Colombia
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)25-38
Number of pages14
JournalRevista ciencias de la salud
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

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