Automatic quiet sleep detection based on multifractality in preterm neonates: Effects of maturation

M. Lavanga, O. De Wel, A. Caicedo, E. Heremans, K. Jansen, A. Dereymaeker, G. Naulaers, S. Van Huffel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the multifractal formalism framework for quiet sleep detection in preterm babies. EEG recordings from 25 healthy preterm infants were used in order to evaluate the performance of multifractal measures for the detection of quiet sleep. Results indicate that multifractal analysis based on wavelet leaders is able to identify quiet sleep epochs, but the classifier performances seem to be highly affected by the infant's age. In particular, from the developed classifiers, the lowest area under the curve (AUC) has been obtained for EEG recordings at very young age (≤ 31 weeks post-menstrual age), and the maximum at full-term age (≥ 37 weeks post-menstrual age). The improvement in classification performances can be due to a change in the multifractality properties of neonatal EEG during the maturation of the infant, which makes the EEG sleep stages more distinguishable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2010-2013
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jul 11 2017Jul 15 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period7/11/177/15/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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