Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad: de padres a hijos.

Translated title of the contribution: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: From parents to children

Alberto Velez-van-Meerbeke, Claudia Talero Gutierrez, Gina Melissa Guzmán Ramírez, Irina Paola Zamora Miramón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction:
Heritability of Attention-Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been identified in multiple studies. A greater frequency of the condition has been observed in children with affected family members. The objective of this work was to determine the association between symptoms of ADHD en school-aged children in 5 school in Bogotá and a history of ADHD symptoms in their parents using the Wender-Utah questionnaire.
Methods:
We conducted a case-control study in which ADHD cases were defined according to DSM-IV criteria and the Behavior Assessment for Children (BASC) for parents and teachers. The WISC-IV assessment was used to rule out cognitive deficits that may interfere with the results of the other tests. Parents completed the Wender-Utah questionnaire to retrospectively identify symptoms of ADHD in their own childhood. An overall score in this test was considered the cut-off point.
Results
Of 202 available children, 117 were cases and 85 controls. Sixteen percent of 175 mothers, and 20.6% of 141 fathers had a history of ADHD symptoms in childhood. The presence of symptoms in either of the parents, particularly the mother, was identified as a risk factor for ADHD sin the children. This association is still significant after controlling for a variety of confounders. There was a non-significant tendency towards greater risk in children in which both parents reported symptoms.
Conclusions
Although ADHD has been associated with a genetic component, other environmental factors may be involved in its genesis.
Translated title of the contributionAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder: From parents to children
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)158
Number of pages165
JournalNeurologia
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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