Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: From parents to children

A. Vélez-van-Meerbeke, C. Talero-Gutiérrez, G. Guzmán-Ramírez, I. Zamora-Miramón, G. M. Guzmán-Ramírez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

© 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurología.Introduction: Multiple studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have recognised a heritability factor in that a higher frequency of the disorder is observed in children with an affected relative. Our aim was to determine the association between ADHD symptoms in young children enrolled in five schools in Bogota and a history of ADHD symptoms in their parents using the Wender-Utah Rating Scale. Methodology: Case-control study of participants selected according to DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (BASC) completed by parents and teachers; the WISC-IV scale was used to exclude children with cognitive deficit. Parents completed the Wender-Utah Rating Scale to retrospectively identify any ADHD symptoms in childhood. A score of 36 was used as a cutoff point. Results: The study included 202 children: 117 cases and 85 controls. A positive history of ADHD symptoms in childhood was identified for 16% of 175 mothers and 20.6% of 141 fathers. The presence of symptoms in either parent, especially the mother, constitutes a significant risk factor for ADHD in children and this relationship persists after controlling for different variables. If both parents have the disorder, the risk tends to increase. Conclusion: Although ADHD has been linked to a genetic component, other environmental factors may be involved in the disorder.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurologia
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2015

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Parents
Mothers
Fathers
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Case-Control Studies

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Vélez-van-Meerbeke, A. ; Talero-Gutiérrez, C. ; Guzmán-Ramírez, G. ; Zamora-Miramón, I. ; Guzmán-Ramírez, G. M. / Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: From parents to children. In: Neurologia. 2015.
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abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 Sociedad Espa{\~n}ola de Neurolog{\'i}a.Introduction: Multiple studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have recognised a heritability factor in that a higher frequency of the disorder is observed in children with an affected relative. Our aim was to determine the association between ADHD symptoms in young children enrolled in five schools in Bogota and a history of ADHD symptoms in their parents using the Wender-Utah Rating Scale. Methodology: Case-control study of participants selected according to DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (BASC) completed by parents and teachers; the WISC-IV scale was used to exclude children with cognitive deficit. Parents completed the Wender-Utah Rating Scale to retrospectively identify any ADHD symptoms in childhood. A score of 36 was used as a cutoff point. Results: The study included 202 children: 117 cases and 85 controls. A positive history of ADHD symptoms in childhood was identified for 16{\%} of 175 mothers and 20.6{\%} of 141 fathers. The presence of symptoms in either parent, especially the mother, constitutes a significant risk factor for ADHD in children and this relationship persists after controlling for different variables. If both parents have the disorder, the risk tends to increase. Conclusion: Although ADHD has been linked to a genetic component, other environmental factors may be involved in the disorder.",
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: From parents to children. / Vélez-van-Meerbeke, A.; Talero-Gutiérrez, C.; Guzmán-Ramírez, G.; Zamora-Miramón, I.; Guzmán-Ramírez, G. M.

In: Neurologia, 24.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Vélez-van-Meerbeke, A.

AU - Talero-Gutiérrez, C.

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AU - Zamora-Miramón, I.

AU - Guzmán-Ramírez, G. M.

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AB - © 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurología.Introduction: Multiple studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have recognised a heritability factor in that a higher frequency of the disorder is observed in children with an affected relative. Our aim was to determine the association between ADHD symptoms in young children enrolled in five schools in Bogota and a history of ADHD symptoms in their parents using the Wender-Utah Rating Scale. Methodology: Case-control study of participants selected according to DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (BASC) completed by parents and teachers; the WISC-IV scale was used to exclude children with cognitive deficit. Parents completed the Wender-Utah Rating Scale to retrospectively identify any ADHD symptoms in childhood. A score of 36 was used as a cutoff point. Results: The study included 202 children: 117 cases and 85 controls. A positive history of ADHD symptoms in childhood was identified for 16% of 175 mothers and 20.6% of 141 fathers. The presence of symptoms in either parent, especially the mother, constitutes a significant risk factor for ADHD in children and this relationship persists after controlling for different variables. If both parents have the disorder, the risk tends to increase. Conclusion: Although ADHD has been linked to a genetic component, other environmental factors may be involved in the disorder.

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