Association between circulating adipocytokine concentrations and microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled cross-sectional studies

Alexander J. Rodríguez, Vania dos Santos Nunes, Claudio A. Mastronardi, Teresa Neeman, Gilberto J. Paz-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The adipocytokines leptin and adiponectin have been variously associated with diabetic microvascular complications. No comprehensive clinical data exist examining the association between adipocytokines and the presence of these complications. METHODS: This is a systematic review of cross-sectional studies comparing circulating adipocytokines in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with and without microvascular complications. Studies were retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane databases. Study quality was evaluated using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis was performed using an inverse-variance model, providing standardised mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Heterogeneity was determined by I(2) statistic. RESULTS: Amongst 554 identified studies, 28 were included in the review. Study quality range was 3.5-9 (maximum 11). Higher leptin levels were associated with microalbuminuria (SMD=0.41; 95% CI=0.14-0.67; n=901; p=0.0003), macroalbuminuria (SMD=0.68; 95% CI=0.30-1.06; n=406; p=0.0004), and neuropathy (SMD=0.26; 95% CI=0.07-0.44; n=609; p=0.008). Higher adiponectin levels were associated with microalbuminuria (SMD=0.55; 95% CI=0.29-0.81, n=274; p<0.001), macroalbuminuria (SMD=1.37; 95% CI=0.78-1.97, n=246; p<0.00001), neuropathy (SMD=0.25; 95% CI=0.14-0.36; n=1516; p<0.00001), and retinopathy (SMD=0.38; 95% CI=0.25-0.51; n=1306; p<0.00001). Meta-regression suggested no influence of body mass index and duration of diabetes on effect size, and a weak trend in terms of age on effect size. DISCUSSION: Our meta-analysis suggests leptin and adiponectin levels are higher in T2DM patients with microvascular complications. Studies were limited by cross-sectional design. Large prospective analyses are required to validate these findings.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Diabetes and its Complications
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association between circulating adipocytokine concentrations and microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled cross-sectional studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this