Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation (ALPPS): A two staged procedure, in Bogotá Colombia. Case report and literature review

Carlos Eduardo Rey Chaves, Danny Conde, Laura Tapias, Isabella Roa, Juan Carlos Sabogal Olarte

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Abstract

Introduction: For liver tumors (primary or metastases), surgery combined with neoadjuvant, or adjuvant chemotherapy is the treatment of choice, offering long term survival time and disease-free time period (Alvarez et al., 2012) Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation, or ALPPS, it's a surgical technique that increases the future liver remnant in a short period of time, trying to avoid postoperative liver failure (PLF), and achieving R0 resections in liver malignant tumors (Alvarez et al., 2012). Presentation of the case: A 43 years old woman with colorectal liver metastases in both lobes. Colorectal surgical procedure was performed 1 year previous the liver intervention, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Decision of a tri-segmental hepatectomy was made to resolve the metastases. Into the surgical procedure, we evaluated the liver parenchyma, and the future liver remnant tissue was insufficient, for that reason we decided to perform ALPPS procedure. Discussion: Colorectal liver metastases (CLRM) are considered the most common indication for ALPPS procedure according to the international registry. Compared with the portal vein ligation, resection rate varies from 50 to 80%, and the non-resectability disease was explained by tumor progression. Postoperative mortality rate was 5.1% in young patients (<60 years old), and 8% in general for CRLM. Oncologic outcomes represent an increased disease-free survival period and overall survival time compared with non-surgical approach. Conclusion: The ALPPS procedure it's an interesting approach to patients with not enough liver remnant tissue, with good oncologic results in terms of disease-free survival time, and overall survival. Appropriate selection of the patient, careful postoperative management, and a multidisciplinary approach are related with good postoperative outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106560
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume89
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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