Several lines of evidence suggest that host genetic factors controlling the immune response influence infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Recently, DC-SIGN has been shown to be the major M. tuberculosis receptor on dendritic cells (DCs). The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of DC-SIGN functional polymorphisms -336G/A SNP in the promoter region and insertion/deletion in the "neck" region on the predisposition to tuberculosis. We performed an association study in 110 HIV-negative tuberculosis patients and 299 matched controls. In addition, a total of 155 healthy controls were screened for the tuberculin skin test (TST). DC-SIGN -336 SNP detection was performed by the real-time polymerase chain reaction technology, using the TaqMan 5′ allele. The insertion/deletion in the "neck" region was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction with specific primers. Although an increased frequency of the G allele in tuberculosis patients (23%), as compared with controls (19%), was observed, differences were not statistically significant (OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 0.89-1.94, P = 0.14). On the other hand, DC-SIGN repeat polymorphism in the "neck" region had a very low frequency in the analyzed population. We conclude that the studied polymorphisms are not relevant risk factors for developing tuberculosis in Northwestern Colombian individuals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy