The relationship of health professionals with patients is the cornerstone respect for the right of people to self-determination, to make free and informed decisions about their life, health and body. The end of life is one of the most important moments in life which is definitive ensure that the patient can take a number of decisions on many aspects, such as the desire or not to be informed, or not to accept care and therapeutic measures palliative, rejecting those that are futile, define who has access to their clinical data or who represent their will; this in order to protect their right to a dignified death. However, patients are often suffering from diseases which impair their ability to make decisions during this part of their lives, forcing us to resort to instruments to protect their autonomy and project it, as in the case of living wills. Two important regulations have addressed this subject recently in Colombia: Law 1733/ 2014, "regulating palliative care services aimed at the integral management of patients suffering terminal, chronic, degenerative and irreversible diseases," and Resolution 1216, 20th April 2015, "leading to compliance with the Constitutional Court's fourth order of ruling T-970/2014 regarding guidelines for the organization and functioning of committees for implementing the right to die with dignity". This article intends to, with a bioethics and legal perspective, analyze the advance wills in Colombia taking the comparative law as a thread, so that it allows establishing the conditions required ensuring the effectiveness and validity of these and determining the holders of this right and the scope and enforceability of such wills.
|Translated title of the contribution||ADVANCED WISHES FOR THE END OF LIFE. AN APPROACH FROM THE COLOMBIAN REGULATION AND IN COMPARATIVE LAW|
|Journal||Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2016|