Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men: A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study

Andrea P. Quintero, Kely Johana Bonilla-Vargas, Jorge E. Correa-Bautista, María A. Domínguez-Sanchéz, Héctor R. Triana-Reina, Gina P. Velasco-Orjuela, Antonio García-Hermoso, Emilio Villa-González, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, María Correa-Rodríguez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is currently a consensus about the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition. However, the exercise intensity-dependent effect on executive function remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT), progressive resistance training (PRT), or combined training (PRT + HIIT) on executive function indicators in overweight inactive adult men (aged 18–30 years old). The participants were screened and excluded for medical conditions known to impact cognitive functioning, which was measured with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening cognitive test. A randomised, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted among 36 adults who were randomly assigned to a HIIT (n = 12), PRT (n = 7), PRT + HIIT (n = 7), or control group (n = 10) until the energy expenditure of 400–500 kcal. Cognitive inhibition and attention capacity were examined using the Stroop test and d2 test of attention, respectively, and were obtained pre-exercise for baseline measurement and 1 min post-exercise for each exercise training modality. Cognitive inhibition measured by the Stroop test was improved after the HIIT protocol for the domains of reading by +5.89 (η2 = 0.33), colour naming +9.0 (η2 = 0.60), interference +10.1 (η2 = 0.39), and index interference +6.0 (η2 = 0.20). Additionally, the PRT + HIIT group had an increase for the reading condition of +7.1 (η2 = 0.40), colour naming +7.5 (η2 = 0.80), and interference +5.8 (η2 = 0.39). In regard to attentional capacity, the HIIT group elicited small to medium improvements in the concentration level domain of +21.7 (η2 = 0.44), total performance domain +56.6 (η2 = 0.50), and consistency domain −3.0 (η2 = 0.27). These results were similar in the PRT and PRT + HIIT groups in the concentration level and items-processed domains (P < 0.05). In conclusion, acute HIIT and PRT + HIIT sessions reported important effect sizes than PRT alone for cognitive inhibition and attention capacity. Taken together, the results suggest that even short-term exercise interventions can enhance overweight adults' executive functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume197
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Quintero, A. P., Bonilla-Vargas, K. J., Correa-Bautista, J. E., Domínguez-Sanchéz, M. A., Triana-Reina, H. R., Velasco-Orjuela, G. P., ... Ramírez-Vélez, R. (2018). Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men: A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study. Physiology and Behavior, 197, 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.09.010
Quintero, Andrea P. ; Bonilla-Vargas, Kely Johana ; Correa-Bautista, Jorge E. ; Domínguez-Sanchéz, María A. ; Triana-Reina, Héctor R. ; Velasco-Orjuela, Gina P. ; García-Hermoso, Antonio ; Villa-González, Emilio ; Esteban-Cornejo, Irene ; Correa-Rodríguez, María ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson. / Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men : A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2018 ; Vol. 197. pp. 22-28.
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abstract = "There is currently a consensus about the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition. However, the exercise intensity-dependent effect on executive function remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT), progressive resistance training (PRT), or combined training (PRT + HIIT) on executive function indicators in overweight inactive adult men (aged 18–30 years old). The participants were screened and excluded for medical conditions known to impact cognitive functioning, which was measured with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening cognitive test. A randomised, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted among 36 adults who were randomly assigned to a HIIT (n = 12), PRT (n = 7), PRT + HIIT (n = 7), or control group (n = 10) until the energy expenditure of 400–500 kcal. Cognitive inhibition and attention capacity were examined using the Stroop test and d2 test of attention, respectively, and were obtained pre-exercise for baseline measurement and 1 min post-exercise for each exercise training modality. Cognitive inhibition measured by the Stroop test was improved after the HIIT protocol for the domains of reading by +5.89 (η2 = 0.33), colour naming +9.0 (η2 = 0.60), interference +10.1 (η2 = 0.39), and index interference +6.0 (η2 = 0.20). Additionally, the PRT + HIIT group had an increase for the reading condition of +7.1 (η2 = 0.40), colour naming +7.5 (η2 = 0.80), and interference +5.8 (η2 = 0.39). In regard to attentional capacity, the HIIT group elicited small to medium improvements in the concentration level domain of +21.7 (η2 = 0.44), total performance domain +56.6 (η2 = 0.50), and consistency domain −3.0 (η2 = 0.27). These results were similar in the PRT and PRT + HIIT groups in the concentration level and items-processed domains (P < 0.05). In conclusion, acute HIIT and PRT + HIIT sessions reported important effect sizes than PRT alone for cognitive inhibition and attention capacity. Taken together, the results suggest that even short-term exercise interventions can enhance overweight adults' executive functions.",
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Quintero, AP, Bonilla-Vargas, KJ, Correa-Bautista, JE, Domínguez-Sanchéz, MA, Triana-Reina, HR, Velasco-Orjuela, GP, García-Hermoso, A, Villa-González, E, Esteban-Cornejo, I, Correa-Rodríguez, M & Ramírez-Vélez, R 2018, 'Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men: A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study', Physiology and Behavior, vol. 197, pp. 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.09.010

Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men : A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study. / Quintero, Andrea P.; Bonilla-Vargas, Kely Johana; Correa-Bautista, Jorge E.; Domínguez-Sanchéz, María A.; Triana-Reina, Héctor R.; Velasco-Orjuela, Gina P.; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Villa-González, Emilio; Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Correa-Rodríguez, María; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 197, 01.12.2018, p. 22-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute effect of three different exercise training modalities on executive function in overweight inactive men

T2 - A secondary analysis of the BrainFit study

AU - Quintero, Andrea P.

AU - Bonilla-Vargas, Kely Johana

AU - Correa-Bautista, Jorge E.

AU - Domínguez-Sanchéz, María A.

AU - Triana-Reina, Héctor R.

AU - Velasco-Orjuela, Gina P.

AU - García-Hermoso, Antonio

AU - Villa-González, Emilio

AU - Esteban-Cornejo, Irene

AU - Correa-Rodríguez, María

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - There is currently a consensus about the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition. However, the exercise intensity-dependent effect on executive function remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT), progressive resistance training (PRT), or combined training (PRT + HIIT) on executive function indicators in overweight inactive adult men (aged 18–30 years old). The participants were screened and excluded for medical conditions known to impact cognitive functioning, which was measured with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening cognitive test. A randomised, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted among 36 adults who were randomly assigned to a HIIT (n = 12), PRT (n = 7), PRT + HIIT (n = 7), or control group (n = 10) until the energy expenditure of 400–500 kcal. Cognitive inhibition and attention capacity were examined using the Stroop test and d2 test of attention, respectively, and were obtained pre-exercise for baseline measurement and 1 min post-exercise for each exercise training modality. Cognitive inhibition measured by the Stroop test was improved after the HIIT protocol for the domains of reading by +5.89 (η2 = 0.33), colour naming +9.0 (η2 = 0.60), interference +10.1 (η2 = 0.39), and index interference +6.0 (η2 = 0.20). Additionally, the PRT + HIIT group had an increase for the reading condition of +7.1 (η2 = 0.40), colour naming +7.5 (η2 = 0.80), and interference +5.8 (η2 = 0.39). In regard to attentional capacity, the HIIT group elicited small to medium improvements in the concentration level domain of +21.7 (η2 = 0.44), total performance domain +56.6 (η2 = 0.50), and consistency domain −3.0 (η2 = 0.27). These results were similar in the PRT and PRT + HIIT groups in the concentration level and items-processed domains (P < 0.05). In conclusion, acute HIIT and PRT + HIIT sessions reported important effect sizes than PRT alone for cognitive inhibition and attention capacity. Taken together, the results suggest that even short-term exercise interventions can enhance overweight adults' executive functions.

AB - There is currently a consensus about the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition. However, the exercise intensity-dependent effect on executive function remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT), progressive resistance training (PRT), or combined training (PRT + HIIT) on executive function indicators in overweight inactive adult men (aged 18–30 years old). The participants were screened and excluded for medical conditions known to impact cognitive functioning, which was measured with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening cognitive test. A randomised, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted among 36 adults who were randomly assigned to a HIIT (n = 12), PRT (n = 7), PRT + HIIT (n = 7), or control group (n = 10) until the energy expenditure of 400–500 kcal. Cognitive inhibition and attention capacity were examined using the Stroop test and d2 test of attention, respectively, and were obtained pre-exercise for baseline measurement and 1 min post-exercise for each exercise training modality. Cognitive inhibition measured by the Stroop test was improved after the HIIT protocol for the domains of reading by +5.89 (η2 = 0.33), colour naming +9.0 (η2 = 0.60), interference +10.1 (η2 = 0.39), and index interference +6.0 (η2 = 0.20). Additionally, the PRT + HIIT group had an increase for the reading condition of +7.1 (η2 = 0.40), colour naming +7.5 (η2 = 0.80), and interference +5.8 (η2 = 0.39). In regard to attentional capacity, the HIIT group elicited small to medium improvements in the concentration level domain of +21.7 (η2 = 0.44), total performance domain +56.6 (η2 = 0.50), and consistency domain −3.0 (η2 = 0.27). These results were similar in the PRT and PRT + HIIT groups in the concentration level and items-processed domains (P < 0.05). In conclusion, acute HIIT and PRT + HIIT sessions reported important effect sizes than PRT alone for cognitive inhibition and attention capacity. Taken together, the results suggest that even short-term exercise interventions can enhance overweight adults' executive functions.

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