A theoretical study of the conformational preference of alkyl-and aryl-substituted pyrogallol[4]arenes and evidence of the accumulation of negative electrostatic potential within the cavity of their rccc conformers

Sebastián Manzano, Cesar H. Zambrano, Miguel Angel Mendez, Eric E. Dueno, Robert A. Cazar, F. Javier Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We report a theoretical study of the structural and electronic properties of the rccc and rctt conformers of several pyrogallol[4]arenes, R-Pyg[4]arenes (i.e. R = fluoroethyl, methyl, t-butyl, phenyl, tolyl and p-fluorophenyl) carried out by employing the HF-DFT hybrid B3LYP functional. Comparison of the B3LYP energies of the two stereoisomers showed that the rccc conformer is more stable than its rctt counterpart for all the derivatives considered. However, calculations made with the double-hybrid Grimme's B97D functional confirmed the experimental observation that the relative stability depends on the type of the R substituents. These results clearly suggest that the B97D functional together with large enough basis sets (i.e. split-valence plus polarisation and diffuse functions) is sufficiently accurate for the purpose of describing the conformational features of these compounds. Computed electrostatic potential maps of the rccc of the different R-Pyg[4]arenes showed that a negative potential is present within the cavity of these compounds. In addition, it is observed that the size of this negative electrostatic potential depends on the electron-donating or electron-withdrawing character of the R substituents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Simulation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 16 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Information Systems
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this