A reaction–diffusion model of spatial propagation of A β oligomers in early stage Alzheimer’s disease

Martin Andrade-Restrepo, Ionel Sorin Ciuperca, Paul Lemarre, Laurent Pujo-Menjouet, Léon Matar Tine

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The misconformation and aggregation of the protein Amyloid-Beta (Aβ) is a key event in the propagation of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Different types of assemblies are identified, with long fibrils and plaques deposing during the late stages of AD. In the earlier stages, the disease spread is driven by the formation and the spatial propagation of small amorphous assemblies called oligomers. We propose a model dedicated to studying those early stages, in the vicinity of a few neurons and after a polymer seed has been formed. We build a reaction–diffusion model, with a Becker–Döring-like system that includes fragmentation and size-dependent diffusion. We hereby establish the theoretical framework necessary for the proper use of this model, by proving the existence of solutions using a fixed point method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalJournal of Mathematical Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics

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